Journey of Hope for the Victims of wars:

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A Migrant’s Perspective

Introduction:

Migration or being a refugee is the status of the movement in which a person or people move from one place to another to escape the danger and look for a better life.

From the beginning up to this time migration has always been a habit for human and will be the same in human nature as long as a danger exists in human life. As which we can further call it is the nature that we are made of is nature of survival.

The recent immigrant crisis in Europe is same but more complex than the historical movement of people from place to place looking for better life. In most cases, the journey of refugees in recent years; it has been a journey to escape brutality, treachery and certain death at home seeking hope and safe haven.  As there is no certain future in the horizon many people take the risk to migrate to Europe seeking  chance to live in peace. But the journey is dangerous in sea and on land in the hands of human brokers, in recent years constantly we have heard from media the recent mass deaths of immigrants in their journeys; it’s not a journey most of them has wished for but it became the option when there is no choice.

As rest of the world is being sceptic and careless about situation on the ground in war torn countries most victims became hopeless and escape from the danger surrounding them on daily basis.

When we keep close eye on the refugee situation, listening to their stories and pain of their suffering. We became more understanding they are people like us suffering from evil deeds of fellow human being to them, their tragic and misfortune tells us how merciless some human have become.

I myself one of the refugees who fled war and persecution at home, I can’t describe all the pain I have gone through, and horror I have faced in my home country as well on my journey to Europe. Survived numerous times from death in the hands of the militia in my origin country,  while the others didn’t survive from their brutality.and killed by militia in cold blood,

Finally I was able to flee. I took the dangerous trip to Europe for hope. Through the suffering of the wilderness of an environment which is hostile to the aliens and the hope of success, many have died in the sea while others were killed bare hands on the road, two of my companions were killed by brokers for asking food and water. Some were raped and tortured, many died before they reach a safe shore. For the remaining it was dream come true reaching their destiny and safety.  We are safe, but we will be deeply sad for what happened to our fellows.

The common sense of the human beings realizes that death is inevitable in some cases especially when you’re heading into unknown direction beyond your knowledge. But many cross the limits of fear and sometimes reach their Disney lands.

Some wonder what is the reason behind migration crisis in Europe and how can we stop it?

We need to explore more about the routes of the immigration crisis

*Mass migration,

the mass migrations is when people or animals travel miles away from their in habitual places or their countries of origin, and seek a better place to find a better life, which they can live, there are reasons which could cause these mass migrations to happen, Drought, Civil wars, Ethnic Cleansing to a Particular Religion or Political group belonging,

Refugee and Migrant:

Migrant:-

Migrant is a person who makes a conscious choice to leave their country to seek a better life elsewhere, before they decide to leave their country, migrant can seek information about their new home, study the language and explore employment opportunities. They can plan their travel, take their belongs with them and say Goodbye to the important people in their lives, they are free to return home at any time if things don’t work out as they had hoped, if they get homesick or want to visit family members and friends left behind.

Refugee:-

Refugees are people forced to leave their country, because they are at risk of, or have experienced persecution. The concerns of refugees are human rights and safety, not economic advantage. They leave behind their homes, most or all of their belongings, family members and friends. Some are forced to flee with no warning and many have experienced significant trauma or being tortured or otherwise ill treated. The journey to safety is fraught with hazard and many refugees risk their lives in search of protection. They cannot return unless the situation that forced them to leave improves.

Where the migrants and the refugees are coming from?

Looking into the recent influx of the refugees to Europe, studies show that most refugees and immigrants are coming from war torn countries like Syria, Iraq, Somalia, Afghanistan, Central African republic.

Causes

Always there are multiple problems forcing people to flee their countries. After facing toughest conditions and multiple problems in their lives; safety, economy, Stability and livelihood matters many run for better hope. Whether it is based on civil war ,droughts, or affiliation to a particular group of religion or political group  the situation is the same as the life becomes hardship and unbearable. It is then when better hope emerged for many people. Europe destination of peace, stability, harmony, respect and human right are protected. While in their countries of origin a person is not protected by any law. But persecuted, tortured and killed for slightest reason. Many people suffer the same fate every day in countries like; Somalia, Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Central African Republic. Therefore EU is the closest place where those migrated people consider they can find a solution for their lives.

The vast numbers of migrants have made their way across the Mediterranean to Europe in 2015.sparking a crises as countries struggle to cope with the influx.  and creating division in the  EU over how best to resettle these people. As More than 750.000 migrants are estimated to arrive by sea so far this year according to international organization of migration (IOM). But exact number is unclear as some may have passed the border undetected.

How are the European countries responding to the crises?

Germany continues to be the most popular destination for migrants arriving in Europe; it has received the highest number of new asylum applications, With more than 331.000 by the end of October 2015. Hungary has moved into second place. as more migrants have tried to make their journey over land through Greece and western Balkans it had 143.070 applications by the end of this year. although Germany has had the most asylum applications in 2015, the surge of people arriving in Hungary meant it has the highest in proportion to its population more than 1,450 refugees per 100.000 of Hungary local population claimed asylum in the first half of 2015, the figure for Germany was 323 and for the United Kingdom  is 30 applications for every 100.000 residents

Granted asylum:

Although huge number applying for asylum. the number of people of being given asylum is far lower.

In 2014. EU countries offered asylum to 184.665 refugees. In the same year more than 570.000 migrants has applied for asylum, although application for asylum can be lengthy procedure. So many of those refugee status may have applied in previous years.

What are things Migrants face after coming to EU

European countries have had a very difficult challenges to cope up with this mass migration which had doubled more than they have had previous years, in which the numbers have crossed the highest number of asylum seekers for more than half million crossing through EU, that created a very unpleasant atmosphere among the European countries, which some of the countries have proposed to redesign some of the EU free entry Policy,

Germany, United kingdom, Austria, Belgium and Scandinavian countries where most desired destinations for the migrants to reach in order to find a better life.

Recommendations:

A: when it comes to Migrants And refugees:

Migrants: those whose economic and livelihood was not pleasant and comfortable in their countries and the daily life was so difficult to survive, but their governments and security institutions were legally and peacefully working.

Refugees: those who left their countries fear of persecution, mainly on ethnic conflicts, Minorities of a particular clan, religion, or political affiliation, which resulted them to flee and displace from their own countries to get a safe place and get chance to start a better life.

B: skilled migrants and refugees

refugees whose education level is above secondary and those have some other skills have a high chance to adopt and get at least jobs to survive instead of putting allot pressure on the hosted government for providing the welfare.

C: Culture of difference between EU and Refugees.

The cultural divide involves further deeper issues. ranging from the subtlety of body language and eye contact more overt actions. Such as engaging with local community and developing a sense of belonging.

D: Integration.

It is necessary step when dealing with the integration of communities especially for the case of immigrants as it provides the base for harmony and development within the community. Integration removes any social and ethical gaps and biases. It also solves the problems of stereotype, racial injustice and misconduct.

Conclusion

Here are some controversial questions which might be necessary  to be answered

Are we aware the negative impact to the asylum seeker delaying or slower processing of his/her asylum application?

What it will be the future of millions of refugees who run from their origin country in order to reach better life and peace?

Will it be necessary to redesign  the so called human rights laws and those nominal  conventions been made in Geneva in early 1950s?

Will European countries be the most generous human in our planet and win the gold medal of human rights champion or will they prefer the opposite reaction?

Suleiman Jama is an author, human rights activist and immigrant based in Europe, Austria, S. He is also a columnist for various Somali newspapers. Mr. Jama  is also irregular student  at the Universityof Innsbruck,AUSTRIA:.

Email: [email protected]

Tel: +436642700316

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